Central Department of Sociology (CDSO) was founded in 1981 as a joint Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Tribhuvan University. Since last 4 years it has its own independent central department. It is one of the largest teaching departments at Tribhuvan University in terms of both student enrollments and faculty. Within 38 years, it is growing fast and expanding in many constituent campuses and affiliated colleges of Tribhuvan University throughout the country. In the past, CDSO at Kirtipur alone enrolled more than 700 students each year in annual system-based MA program for many years. But now it is offering four semester-system based MA program in Sociology. Today there are around 200 students engaged with this department. Considering the number of students and their demand for advanced research degree in Sociology, the CDSO is running MPhil program in sociology since the academic year 2012. Currently the seventh batch of this MPhil program in Sociology is running. This year too total of 26 competent students have got admission on a competitive basis. Of the total MPhil students, more than two-thirds are engaged in teaching in either constituent or affiliated colleges of Tribhuvan University.
Like all social science disciplines—including Sociology, which emerged within a specific social and historical context, Sociology came to be regarded as a distinctive discipline in Nepal within a specific historical backdrop. Sociology, for the first time in Nepal, began to be taught and learned at the graduate (MA) level at Tribhuvan University in Kirtipur 1981, where it was led by Dr. Chaitanya Mishra. Sociology in Nepal continued to develop with the gradual changes in Socio-historical context of Nepal as well as Tribhuvan University. The teaching of Sociology at Tribhuvan now has completed 38 years. It is believed that these all things have given a new enabling set up for the intellectual and organizational development of Sociology in Nepal in the years to come.